This paper is based on interviews that took place between September 2016 and March 2017 with a number of apparel industry stakeholders including buyers, suppliers, business associations, civil society, freelance consultants, and international donors. We also conducted five focus groups with 44 women workers from factories in Ethiopia’s industrial parks. These interviews and focus groups were supplemented with desk-based research to better inform the evolution and landscape of Ethiopia’s emerging apparel industry. Working papers contain preliminary research, analysis, findings, and recommendations. They are circulated to stimulate timely discussion and critical feedback, as well as to influence ongoing debate on emerging issues. Most working papers are eventually published in another form, and content may be revised.